The causes and conditions of mental retardation are various . Therefore in managing the health of persons with mental retardation , we should remember
that there great individual differences among them . moreover , because
in many cases , people with mental retardation are not able to explain
their health problems to us , we must be alert so we do not fail to discover
even a slight health change , and we must be sure to take prompt care
of any health problems .
Though people with mental retardation may have a poor ability to
explain things in wards , they can explain their health condition by
means of their whole body > so if we do not neglect to watch them ,
we will be able to know where their disease is , and bad it is , there are
two kinds of health observations ;
– One is chosen because of some particular need .
– the other is for routine use ,
Because people with mental retardation have many handicapped
besides their intellectual handicaps , we need to make sure where
their problem are , useful methods for detecting health problems include
the questionnaire that checks on the health of three – years – old children
the chick list of constitutional trends and various psychological and
developmental scales .
We should use these whenever they are needed .
I addition , we should make observe their health routinely , such as
when they get up in the morning , in the morning – ceremony line ,
and at mealtimes . Hear are four points to watch both for efficiency
and to avoid failure .
A – Observe the person’s general condition , mainly their mood , if
they are active or not , generally speaking , if they are able to smile
even though they are sick , their condition not be bad .
It has been said for long time that eating well , sleeping well ,and
defecating well are signs of good health . Meals , sleep and defecation ,
are important keys to their condition . When they eat with a good
appetite , sleep soundly , and defecate regularly , we can consider
them to be healthy . Of course there are gender and individual
variations . And even within one person , there could be vareiations
because of age , so we should know how each person is doing on the
key points ” nice meal , nice sleep , and nice defecation ” .
B – Regularly measure their temperature , respiration rate , pules , and
blood pressure . For example , the temperature of healthy infants is
a little bit higher than that of adults . We should record regularly
morning , noon , and in the evening .
– C – Pay attention to slight symptoms that tell us about the beginning
of an illness , it is important for us to notice the beginning of illness
as early as possible , by means of a little cough , eye mucus , or
congestion of the eyeballs . Thus when we observe only the condition
of the whole body , we may be in trouble because of something left
unnoticed , unless we look as fully as we can into the condition of
of each part of the body during changing the clothes or having a
path we should observe effectively .
And must pay attention if we notice that they have reddened arias,
eruption dropsy , swellings , or internal bleeding or if they feel hot
or cold .
Besides these the most important among the systemic symptoms to
watch for is dehydration , continuous diarrhea or vomiting causes
the eyes or sink deeply , the lips , mouth and skin to be dry , olso
the gloss or tension of the skin disappears and the skin seems dusty
these are very dangerous symptoms .
D – Pay close enough attention especially to fatigue , so as not to be
too late in detecting illnesses . People with mental retardation rarly
complain about their own condition .